Writing, English, Mathematics, General Ability | Creative Writing, Reading Skills, Mathematical Reasoning, Thinking Skills

21st Century Education

A 21st century education must be tied to outcomes pertaining to proficiency in core subject knowledge and skills that are expected and highly valued in schools.

Learning at CS Education is set within the framework and expected outcomes of four core subjects: Writing, English, Mathematics and General Ability. The core skills tested within these core subjects are as follows:

  • Writing examines student’s Creative Writing
  • English examines student’s Reading Skills
  • Mathematics examines student’s Mathematical Reasoning Skills
  • General Ability examines student’s Thinking Skills


Students apply knowledge learned in other interrelated areas to create meaningful texts. They are taught the skills of writing a range of texts and are expected to create similar texts in the course of the term. Further development of the writing skill is done in our Supplementary Writing Course. Here, students are taught how to apply knowledge they have learnt to write with clarity, authority and novelty a range of written texts that entertain, inform and persuade audiences. Students learn how to strategically select key aspects of a topic & language, edit for enhanced meaning and effect by refining ideas, re-ordering sentences, adding or substituting words for clarity and removing repetitions. The learning outcome of this course sees the creation of new texts which are clear, effective, informative and innovative.


Reading Comprehension
Each unit commences with a Reading Strategy to provide students the skills to read and comprehend successfully. Subsequent exercises comprise Reading Comprehension tasks in which students demonstrate their ability to interpret, analyse & evaluate texts with appropriateness, accuracy, confidence and fluency. Varied multi-modal reading texts are sourced from different cultures, historical periods & genres. Students learn to comprehend what they read and view by applying reading strategies, contextual, semantic & grammatical knowledge. With these reading & language skills, they develop more sophisticated processes for interpreting, analysing, evaluating and critiquing ideas, information and issues from a variety of sources.


The aim of Mathematic in primary is to develop students mathematics thinking, understanding and confidence in the application of mathematics, their creativity.
The CS Mathematics curriculum aims to ensure that students :

are confident, creative student.
develop increasingly sophisticated understanding of mathematical concepts.
develop and enrich students problem solving skills and reasons in number, patterns and algebra, data, measurement, space and geometry.

Content structure

  • Mathematics is organized around the interaction of five content strands, proficiency strands and one substrands.
  • The content strands are number, patterns and algebra data, measurement, space and geometry.
  • The proficiency strands are enrich maths, creative problem solving and describe “how” content is developed.

The CS Education 
Mathematics curriculum is created in accordance with the NSW curriculum that is set by the NSW Education Standards Authority (NESA). The core question types identified by the NSW curriculum are:

  • Measurement and Geometry
  • Number and Algebra
  • Statistics and Probability


Thinking skills is defined as having two sets of assessable skills: problem solving and critical thinking. Problem Solving requires reasoning using numerical skills, whilst Critical Thinking requires reasoning using everyday written language.
CS Education further breaks this down into different types of questions so that they are easier to understand. There are many categories of questions that can be included in Thinking Skills. Some examples are given below.

General Ability is a subject that has always been taught at CS Education as it helps students develop new and unconventional approaches for solving problems, along with exposing them to new patterns that will further their brain development. The core skills required to solve these questions are what we call ‘Thinking Skills.’ Unlike other core subjects such as Maths and English, where there is a defined curriculum and set methodology for solving problems, General Ability does not have a set curriculum that is studied in school, so its elements remain a mystery to many.

Critical thinking

  • Finding the Main Conclusion
  • Applying Principles
  • Identifying Inferences and Assumptions
  • Detecting Reasoning Errors
  • Matching Arguments

Problem solving

  • Relevant Selection
  • Finding Procedures
  • Identifying Similarities and Patterns