In English, students reading skills are tested and developed through the study of ten different text types. Students will learn to apply their current knowledge to understand how different text types are suited to conveying different types of information. The text types that students should become familiar with are:

  • Narratives
  • Procedures
  • Information Reports
  • Graphs
  • Poems
  • Scripts
  • Cartoons
  • Advertisements/Brochures
  • Persuasive
  • Opinion Pieces

After studying these text types, students will learn to answer two types of questions; literal and inference style questions. These question types are further divided into twelve categories that develop students reading skills. These skills are as follows:

  • Identifying Author’s Purpose
  • Drawing Conclusions and Making Inferences
  • Identifying the Main Idea
  • Finding Word Meaning in Context
  • Identifying Cause and Effect
  • Interpreting Figurative Language
  • Comparing and Contrasting
  • Concluding Context
  • Understanding Sequence of Events
  • Interpreting Information
  • Distinguishing between Facts and Opinion
  • Predicting future events

Some of these reading skills are clearly suited to literal questions. These include but are not limited to questions involving interpreting, comparing and contrasting information. Other skills are more ambiguous and may apply to both literal and inference-style questions. Identifying the author’s purpose can be very straight-forward in information reports-thus a question about this would be considered a literal question. However, making inferences requires students to pick up subtle clues
and given information to draw their own conclusion and develop their own predictions-thus, such questions would be considered inference-style questions.
The development of reading skills through the study of English improves students’ ability to understand, critically analyse and evaluate the reliability of various texts, making it a very valuable life skill.

Reading Comprehension

Each unit commences with a Reading Strategy to provide students the skills to read and comprehend successfully. Subsequent exercises comprise Reading Comprehension tasks in which students demonstrate their ability to interpret, analyse & evaluate texts with appropriateness, accuracy, confidence and fluency. Varied multi-modal reading texts are sourced from different cultures, historical periods & genres. Students learn to comprehend what they read and view by applying reading strategies, contextual, semantic & grammatical knowledge. With these reading & language skills, they develop more sophisticated processes for interpreting, analysing, evaluating and critiquing ideas, information and issues from a variety of sources. In the course of the term, various reading strategies will be taught.

Listening & Speaking

Students are exposed to these skills in the English lessons. However, these skills are taught specifically during the Holiday Courses, for example in Public Speaking, Poetry Recitation & Oral Presentation.


Today? literacy skills include interpreting and understanding visual texts. To this end, some of our reading & writing tasks include visuals such as cartoons, graphs, charts & pictures. Students are trained to interpret these texts appropriately.

CS Education English Lesson Books contain language exercises in which students learn the patterns & purposes of the English language including spelling, vocabulary, grammar and punctuation at the word, sentence and extended writing levels. In learning the language conventions formally, our students are able to communicate effectively through coherent, well-structured sentences and texts.

A supplementary booklet Word Knowledge provides further language practice on syntax (structure) & semantics (meaning) at word and sentence levels. On the whole, these tasks help students understand how language works and only with this understanding can they create meaningful effective writing later on.

Our English Lessons incorporate a Literature Section: Novel Study with the aim of engaging students in the study of a literary text which may have personal, cultural, social or aesthetic value to them. Here, students read, interpret, appreciate and respond to the text by answering questions based on it. Usually an extension of this response is required at the end of the term whereby students evaluate the literary text they have read and respond to it in writing. Students are also exposed to other forms of literature such as poetry in the English Lessons. An extension of literary response & creation of literary texts is incorporated in the Supplementary Writing Course.